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HindustanTimes Fri,26 Dec 2014

Pithoragarh reports increase in child-sex ratio

HT Correspondent  Dehradun, March 29, 2014
First Published: 17:20 IST(29/3/2014) | Last Updated: 17:25 IST(29/3/2014)

Pithoragarh district that is known for having the lowest child-sex ratio in the hill state, has shown improvement in the same as per the Annual Health Survey (AHS) of 2012.

The district that reported 764 girls to every 1,000 boys in the AHS of 2011, has increased the child-sex ratio to 766 girls per 1,000 boys this time around.

Though the difference is not remarkable, for the state health department, this brings some encouragement.

On Friday, a workshop was organised on the Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC&PNDT) Act in Dehradun.

Nodal officers of every district and teams for enforcing the act participated in the daylong workshop. The participating members were briefed about the recent status of child-sex ratio in Uttarakhand. The health officers also shared how the ratio is getting better in districts like Pithioragarh, which was once reported to be the lowest in the state.

Addressing the workshop, Dr Saroj Naithani, state nodal officer of PC&PNDT said, “The child sex ratio of district like Pithoragarh is improving. The workshop focuses on how child-sex ratio can be improved further.”

Incidently, there has been no difference in the state’s child-sex ratio since it was conducted last time - Uttarakhand recorded 866 girls per 1,000 boys in both the AHS of 2011 and 2012. Significantly, some districts reported a decline in the ratio.

Districts like Pauri, Rudraprayag, Haridwar, Tehri and Nainital reported a decline in the child-sex ratio. Pauri has shown a steep decline from 885 girls per 1,000 boys in AHS 2011 to 870 girls per 1,000 boys in AHS 2012. Tehri too reported 877 girls per 1,000 boys in AHS 2012, down by 890 girls per 1,000 boys in AHS 2011.

Champawat district reported constant ratio in both the surveys.

During the workshop, a sensitisation play to urge the people to save the girl child was also staged. They were also sensitised about various modalities adopted to stop female foeticide.


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‘Central aid to state rose in past 3 yrs, but growth slow’

The annual assistance from the Centre to the state has increased in last few financial years, according to official statistics, even though the Uttarakhand government has been firing salvos at the central government over it.
 
Two days ago, the state Congress unit demanded `4,000 crore financial assistance from the centre.
According to the central statistics office figures, the Centre released `4883.74 crores for the state in 2011-12. It released `4717.68 crores in 2012-2013. And in 2013-2014, it increased the assistance to `5418.60 crores.

Uttarakhand is one of the 11 Himalayan states which enjoy special category status besides Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim.
 
These special category states have to make part payment to the centre in lieu of getting funds for centrally-sponsored schemes.
Interestingly, on an average, central assistance has been substantial for the state though it has not helped Uttarakhand in increasing its Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) which is total monetary value of goods and services produced by a state economy in a given year.
“GSDP depends on various factors like rate of savings and investments and overall business atmosphere. But that doesn’t mean the state does not need help,” said Surender Kumar, media in-charge for CM adding that the state needs more funds.
 
The figures for Uttarakhand GSDP growth at constant (2004-5) price (as on 01-08-2014) was 9.36% in 2011-12. It was 5.61% in 2012-13 and 5.65% in 2013-2014.
 
Sometime back Planning Commission constituted a committee to study development in hill states arising from management of forest land with special focus on creation of infrastructure, livelihood and human development.
 
The report of the committee was discussed in Internal Planning Committee meeting held in February this year.
A Planning Commission note claimed that IPC broadly endorsed the recommendations of the committee. The report has also been forwarded to states for further inputs.

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