Eight years after 26/11 attack: A look at who is guarding our coasts | india-news | Hindustan Times
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Eight years after 26/11 attack: A look at who is guarding our coasts

The 26/11 attacks jolted the government into taking action - upgrading technology and equipment to keep Mumbai safe from attacks from the sea. A status check on how effective these measures are

india Updated: Nov 26, 2016 11:11 IST
HT Correspondent
The Coast Guard underwent dramatic changes after 26/11. Apart from procuring state-of-the-art weaponry and equipment, the agency has also augmented its air and surface fleet.
The Coast Guard underwent dramatic changes after 26/11. Apart from procuring state-of-the-art weaponry and equipment, the agency has also augmented its air and surface fleet.(Kunal Patil/HT File Photo)

The 26/11 attacks jolted the government into taking action - upgrading technology and equipment to keep Mumbai safe from attacks from the sea. HT does a status check on how effective these measures are.

 1  INDIAN NAVY 22 nautical miles onwards After 26/11, the Navy was made nodal agency for 15 central and state agencies to coordinate coastal security. Centres set up at Mumbai, Visakhapatnam, Kochi, Port Blair. The Navy now forms the first line of defence a

 STRENGTH  Sagar Prahari Bal, an agency dedicated to coastal security with personnel from the Navy formed. Sagar Prahari Bal and CISF personnel have undergone training at INS Chilka, a premier establishment

HOW THEY OPERATE
Joint Operation Centres (West) is under flag officer commanding-in chief, Western Naval Command, and is in charge of coastal and offshore security

 WHAT THEY USE  UAVS: The Navy commissioned unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) squadron at Porbandar. This squadron monitors infiltration on the western coast

Naval Aircraft: At least one aircraft at each Naval air stations remains on alert to take off in four minutes

Battleship: At least one battleship stays in alert mode to respond to any situation within 30 minutes

 2  INDIAN COAST GUARD Between 12 and 22 nautical miles The Coast Guard underwent dramatic changes after 26/11. Apart from procuring state-of-the-art weaponry and equipment, the agency has also augmented its air and surface fleet

 STRENGTH 

HOW THEY OPERATE
Between Sept 2012 and Sept 2013, the Coast Guard has undertaken 1,024 ship days of patrol to keep Mumbai safe. That is, at least three ships have been patrolling Mumbai’s coast every day. One ship patrols the Mumbai coastline 24x7.

19 hours of air surveillance using fixed and rotary wing aircraft carried out every day

 WHAT THEY USE 
 3  MUMBAI COASTAL POLICE Shore to 12 nautical miles It continues to be the weakest wing, with the state government neglecting coastal security and the wing still awaiting better logistics. A number of proposals struck in red tape, delays and lack of proper training to operate at sea

 STRENGTH 
The key coastal police stations under the Mumbai police – Yellow Gate, Mumbai Sagari I and Sagari II – have a staff crunch.



 WHAT THEY USE  The state government acquired 10 speed boats in April 2011, which were made available to the Port Zone, post 26/11. They now have a total of
total of 20 boats.
COASTAL SURVEILLANCE PROJECT
A CHAIN OF STATIC SENSORS along the Indian coast was conceptualised by the GoM on reforming the national security system post-Kargil, and was provided impetus post the 26/11 terror attacks in Mumbai.

THE PROJECT ENVISAGES FITTING
of high-end surveillance gadgets, electro optic sensors, communication equipment and equipment on lighthouses at 46 locations across the Indian mainland and island territories.

THE DATA GENERATED by the static sensors will be simultaneously available to the Coast Guards district, regional and the national headquarters.

THE SENSOR DATA GENERATED through this complex sensor mesh will be shared with other maritime agencies.


MAP OF MUMBAI’S 114 KM COASTLINE