India will oppose any move to seek its commitment to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in post Kyoto Protocol era and will ask the developed world to transfer Intellectual Property Rights with the clean technologies. Climate change will be discussed at the next G-8 meeting in Rostock, Germany.
The reason for the firm stand is evident in a note circulated by the Environment Ministry at a meeting with PM Manmohan Singh last week. "India’s per capita emission of carbon dioxide was just 0.87 tonnes in 1994 and was lowest in the world. It was just four per cent of the US per capita emission, eight per cent of UK's and 10 per cent of Japan's and 23 per cent of the global average," the note said.
EU has proposed that it will reduce carbon emissions by 20 per cent by 2020 from the 1990 levels and deepen it to 30 per cent by 2030 provided India, China and the US take commitment to stabilise and reduce green house emissions. Under Kyoto Protocol that expires in 2012 India and China have no obligation to reduce emissions whereas the US has not ratified the protocol.
The ministry does not find much logic in the proposal saying the developed world has agreed to reduce emission by only 8 per cent after Kyoto Protocol. The developed world has to reduce emissions by 12 per cent from the 1990 level by 2012, which they may not meet, the ministry stated.
Another danger of agreeing to any commitment, the ministry said, was that in future India might have to take on higher level of emission reductions.
India's successful Clean Development Mechanism programme may face a slowdown from the developed world because some countries have put a cap on buying carbon credits from developing countries. India has the largest number of projects registered under the mechanism, which allows them to sell carbon credits to the developed countries.