Even as battlelines are drawn between developed and the developing world for Doha climate talks, India and China --- key allies at global climate negotiations --- on Monday agreed to collaborate on clean technologies and finding solutions to their environmental problems.
“We (India and China) have similar environmental problems and can find joint solutions,” planning commission deputy chairperson Montek Singh Ahluwalia said, after signing an agreement with Zhang Ping, chairman of Chinese National Development and Reforms Commission to conduct pilot studies in joint areas of interest. Burning issue
Both India and China have adopted innovative methods to deal with rising urban municipal and water waste, and Ahluwalia said both the countries could learn from each other’s experiences.
Although high cost solutions are available with western world, its applicability in the two countries is difficult because of the scale of the waste.
To assess the ground situation, India and China will conduct joint pilot studies, which would be scaled up, if found viable.
“We are also working on signing an agreement on collaboration in area of small hydro power projects,” Ahluwalia said.
India and China at second strategic economic dialogue also signed an agreement with the commission to enhance cooperation in the field of energy efficiency.
Both the countries have ambitous energy efficiency programmes for energy intensive sectors and the agreement will provide an opportunity to learn from each other’s experience.
Thousands of kilometers away at Doha in Qatar, India and China are working in tandem to ensure second commitment period to existing climate treaty Kyoto Protocol, which expires by end of this year.
“Both of us are sailing in the same boat,” said a senior Indian negotiator, while explaining that how western world led by Euorpean Union was targetting the two countries in name of climate change.
The EU, which has agreed to second commitment period to the protocol unlike other big carbon emitters, wants emerging economies to take some binding emission cuts, a proposal rejected by Basic group of India, China, Brazil and South Africa.
But, India and China are saying that second commitment period of the protocol was part of the package agreed at Durban climate talks in 2011, which included deciding on new climate agreement by 2015 to be implemented from 2020.
“All countries have to understand this delicate balanace at Doha,” a senior Indian negotiator said.
Future of Kyoto has two options. A commitment period of five years as suggested by European Union or eight years as suggested by emerging economies including India and China.