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HindustanTimes Mon,21 Apr 2014

Wooing India for ‘better climate’

Chetan Chauhan , Hindustan Times  New Delhi , July 23, 2013
First Published: 19:22 IST(23/7/2013) | Last Updated: 00:02 IST(24/7/2013)

After having China on board, US vice-president Joe Biden will like India to agree for a new arrangement to phase-out highly potent climate change causing gas hydroflorocarbons of HFCs.

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HFCs are used in refrigerators and air conditioners and came into commercial use to replace ozone depleting chemicals under the 1987 Montreal Protocol.

Under the protocol, the developing countries got money from the developed world to phase out ozone depleting substances and by 2010 most countries had phased these substances.

By then, new scientific research had shown that HFCs are highly potent climate change causing gas. The US Environment Protect Agency had notified new chemicals called hydrocarbons -- produced by mostly developed countries -- to replace HFCs.

India and China had opposed the US proposal to discuss phasing out of HFCs under the United National Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and said the issue should be discussed under the Montreal Protocol, which had led to introduction of HFC.

The US after much reluctance agreed to take up phasing out of HFCs under the Montreal Protocol and there was agreement on this with China when Premier Xi Jinping visited US in June.

“The United States and China will work together and with other countries to use the expertise and institutions of the Montreal Protocol to phase down the consumption and production of hydrofluorocarbons,” the White House had said in a statement during the visit.

Now, the government sources say US wants India to come on board on phasing out HFCs.

“We have no problem if the issue is discussed under Montreal Protocol which provides sufficient incentives for phasing out any chemical,” a senior government official said, adding that several Indian companies have money for phasing out ozone depleting substances.

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