Prime Minister Manmohan Singh advised members of the Indian delegation heading for minister level negotiations at Bali on climate change that they should not accept conditions that could interfere with the country’s growth rate of nine per cent and have an impact on the efforts to reduce poverty.
After a meeting with the PM on Friday, Science and Technology minister Kapil Sibal, who will represent India at the meet told the Hindustan Times that for sustainable development the per capita emission required is two tonnes. India’s per capita emission is about one tonne as compared to 20 tonnes of United States and 15 tonnes of Europe.
Sibal also said: “We can increase our emissions to achieve our goals to reduce poverty and sustained economic growth of nine percent. We are not obliged under the Kyoto Protocol to reduce emissions,” he said. The minister also came down heavily on the developed world for failing to meet their commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. “Let them first deliver the promises and then talk about carbon reduction commitment for us,” he said. The trends show that carbon emissions have increased in most of the development countries.
The Indian stand comes in the wake of a move by the developed countries led by Canada and Europe that there should be some voluntary carbon emission reduction targets for developing countries like India and China.
The developed countries have brought India, China and G-77 nations on the same platform to strongly oppose the developed world seeking carbon emission reduction and technology transfer without intellectual property rights to the developing world. “We all (G-77 and China) are trying to work out a strategy on the four major areas outlined in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change,” Environment secretary Meena Gupta said.
The areas are mitigation, adoption, technology transfer and resource transfer. She said that except mitigation nothing much has been done on adoption, technology transfer and resource transfer by the developed world to assist the developing countries.
India will take a lead to vigorously propagate its stand that the climate change mitigation regime after 2012, when the Kyoto Protocol expires, should be based on per capita emissions. “The targets for the developed world should be fixed on per capita basis as every human being is affected because of climate change,” Gupta said.
The high level negotiations including Environment, Finance and Trade ministers of 190 countries will start from December 12.