Working at times as a labourer in jute mills, sometimes as a sub-editor in the Ananda Bazar Patrika, as also an ardent Marxist, Nripen Chakraborty was involved in the Communist movement in India for six decades and became Chief Minister of Tripura for two terms.
Inspired by the Gandhian philosophy in his youth he took part in the 'Dandi March' in 1930 and was in regular touch with the Abhay Ashram.
A man of spartan habits and a lifelong bachelor, he became a party member in 1935 and the joint secretary of the Bengal Provincial Communist party along with Hirendranath Mukherjee in 1936. He also became Secretary of Bengal Provincial Communist party in 1943.
When First World War broke out on September 1, 1939 he went underground as the Communist Party was banned. He was arrested in 1941 and sent to Presidency Jail in Calcutta. He was then interned at Hijli Jail from where he managed to flee.
A graduate from Dhaka University and a Master of Economics from Calcutta University, Chakraborty became a member of the undivided Communist Party of India (CPI) much before two other prominent Communist leaders, Jyoti Basu and Promod Dasgupta.
Born on April 4, 1904 in Bikrampur of Dhaka district of then East Bengal, Chakraborty was the ninth child of Raj Kumar Chakraborty and Uttam Sundari Devi.