The government is to establish 30 central universities to bring world-class higher education across the country, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced in Mumbai on Friday while lamenting current poor standards.
"This expansion is going to be a landmark in expanding access to high-quality education across the country. These universities should focus on international standards of excellence and be rated among the top institutions in the world," the prime minister said.
"They must become the launching pads for our entry into the knowledge economy," Manmohan Singh told a function in Mumbai to celebrate 150 years of the University of Mumbai.
The ministry of human resource development, the University Grants Commission (UGC) and the Planning Commission have already begun work on setting them up.
"They are working to operationalise this in the next two-three months."
The prime minister said efforts will also be made to ensure the best faculty for them, excellent physical resources, a range of disciplines, and diverse student bodies.
As opposed to universities run by states governments, a central university is normally set up under an act of Parliament and not only receives funding from the central government but is also governed by the UGC in terms of course curriculum.
According to the ministry of human resources development, there are at present 18 central universities, including the Jawaharlal Nehru University, Banaras Hindu University, Jamia Milia Islamia, Delhi University and Visva Bharati.
The President of India is the visitor of most central universities and nominates some members to the executive committee or the board of management.
"Our university system is, in many parts, in a state of disrepair," noted the prime minister, himself a former teacher who started his career as a lecturer of economics in Punjab before moving to the University of Delhi.
"Almost two-thirds of our universities and 90 per cent of our colleges are rated as below average on quality parameters. Importantly, there is a nagging fear that the university curricula are not synchronised with employment needs," he said.
"We need better facilities, more and better teachers, a flexible approach to curriculum development to make it more relevant, more effective pedagogical and learning methods and more meaningful evaluation systems."
He said 340 districts in the country had extremely low college enrolments and assured that the central government would work with these states to support the expansion of colleges.
"Each of these districts should strive to have at least one good college and the central government is considering ways of funding their establishment."