Good news for would-be mothers! Jharkhand is the safest place to give birth to a child among the country’s poor states.
Reason: The state has the lowest infant mortality rate (IMR) among BIMARU states comprising Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. The state is better off than Uttarakhand, Chattisgarh, Assam and Odisha.
Out of every 1,000 births 36 die in Jharkhand and 68 in Uttar Pradesh, which is the worst performing state in the country as per the updated Annual Health Survey (AHS) released on Friday. The survey sampled 18 districts in Jharkhand and recoded that there has been a minor drop in the infant mortality rate. It was 38 in 2012. It dropped to 36 in 2012, which is much lower than the national average of 49.
IMR in Uttarakhand is 40, Chattisgarh 46, Bihar 48, Rajasthan and Assam 55, Odisha 56, Madhya Pradesh 62 respectively.
“It can be bettered through aggressive awareness programmes on child health. The main factors that have aided the dip are the routine immunization programmes, institutional deliveries and rise in practice in breastfeeding,” said Sumant Mishra, director-in-chief health services Jharkhand.
Jharkhand had the least neo-natal mortality rate (NNMR) at 23 per 1000 live births, compared to Uttar Pradesh’s 49 and national average of 31.
NNMR in Uttarakhand is 28. It is 32 in Bihar and Chattisgarh, 37 in Odisha and Assam. It is 37 in Rajasthan and 42 in Madhya Pradesh.
However, Jharkhand under- five mortality rates remains at 51 as compared to the national average of 56.
Women in Jharkhand can also celebrate that the sex ratio of the state has gone up to 954 from 944 per 1000 males. However, the state remained at the bottom half with Uttarakhand seeing an increase in sex ratio from 995 to 997 per 1000 males.