Indian and Pakistani armies fought the Kargil War in May-July 1999 in the Kargil district of Kashmir and elsewhere along the Line of Control (LoC).
India launched ‘Operation Vijay’ to clear the Kargil sector of infiltration by the Pakistani soldiers and Kashmiri militants on the Indian side of the Line of Control.
Kargil was the first televised war viewed extensively by the country.
The day is observed on July 26 every year in honour of the Kargil War Heroes.
Here is how the war unfolded:
May 4: Reports of infiltrators atop heights of Kargil
May 5-15: Army patrol sent up to survey. Captain Saurabh Kalia goes missing
May 26: Indian Air Force launches air strikes
May 27: An IAF MiG-27 goes down. Pilot ejects and is taken a prisoner of war by Pakistan
May 31: Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee says it’s a “war-like situation” in Kargil
June 10: Pakistan returns mutilated bodies of six soldiers. India enraged
June 12: Deadlock at first crisis-time meeting between foreign ministers Jaswant Singh and Sartaj Aziz in Delhi. Aziz told intruders must leave
June 15: US President Bill Clinton urges the Pakistan PM to withdraw troops from Kargil
June 29: Army captures two important posts near Tiger Hill
July 4: Tiger Hill captured. Nawaz Sharif meets Clinton in Washington
July 5: Sharif announces pull-out of Pakistani troops from Kargil
July 11: Pakistan begins pull out
July 14: India declares operation Vijay a success
July 26: Kargil war comes to an end. India announces complete eviction of Pakistani troops