For a state that never tires of tom-tomming its pro-woman programmes, Madhya Pradesh has been found to be one of the worst states on the Female Security Index (FSI).
As per a survey conducted by the Tata Strategic Management Group, which was released on Tuesday, Madhya Pradesh ranks 29 among a total of 35 states and Union territories of the country on the FSI index.
Tata Strategic used the Female Security Index (FSI) to measure the safety of women in society. Social parameters consisting of gender ratio in the 0-6 year age group, dowry deaths and crimes against women were used to create the FSI rank of all the districts in the country.
Besides Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Delhi and Rajasthan also have lower rankings on FSI index while metros like
Chennai and Bengaluru were at the top. Southern states, Gujarat and most NorthEastern states have emerged as most secure for women.
"The study brings forth the understanding that there is more to well-being than just earning. This provides statistical evidence of the same. The low ranks on Female Security Index even in districts that are highly ranked in wellbeing index clearly point to the need for cultural and social introspection," said K Raman, Practice Head of Education & Healthcare, Tata Strategic.
Madhya Pradesh, with 3,046 rape cases in 2011, accounted for 14.1% of the country's recorded rape cases, closely followed by West Bengal with 2,363 incidents (9.8%) and Uttar Pradesh with 2,042 incidents (8.4%).
While Delhi lives up to its notoriety for being the most unsafe place for women (with 572 rapes, according to the
2011 National Crime records Bureau statistics), Bhopal recorded 100 cases.
The cases of dowry deaths have increased by 2.7% during 2011 over the previous year. Around 26.9% of the total such cases reported in the country were reported from Uttar Pradesh (2,322 cases), while Madhya Pradesh recorded 805 dowry deaths in 2008.
The census 2011 has revealed that MP has lost 20 points in the child sex ratio since 2001. The state's girl child count has come down from 932 girls per 1000 boys in 2001 to 912 a decade later. At this rate, the next census in 2021 could show number of girls below 900.