The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog has told the environment ministry that renewable sources can make up at least 15% of India’s energy mix by 2030 if present policies are given a push. This analysis was done as part of the government’s strategy to enumerate India’s climate action plan to be submitted to United Nations.
The action plan, called Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), is awaiting Cabinet approval and is expected to be made in the first week of September. Environment minister Prakash Javadekar had said that India’s submission to the UN will be the most exhaustive, covering all crucial climate change areas — mitigation, adaption, finance, technology.
As energy is the most important component of the INDCs, the NITI Aayog has conducted a detailed analysis of the futuristic energy needs depending on different scenarios. “We have presented various scenarios and told the environment ministry that by 2030, India’s energy mix can have 15% renewable share easily,” a senior NITI Aayog official told HT.
The analysis shows it would be a big leap for India as renewable energy currently contributes to less than 6% of the country’s energy mix. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has announced setting up a green power capacity of 175 gigawatts (GW) by 2022 to ensure every household gets adequate power.
India’s power demand by 2030 is expected to be about 10 lakh MW. According to the panel, the biggest contributors to enhanced green power will be solar and wind energy, contributing about 70% to total power generation by renewable, followed by nuclear energy. India plans to generate 20,000 MW of power from nuclear energy by 2030, when renewable is expected to contribute 2,00,000 MW of energy.