This day six years ago, a group of 10 terrorists from Pakistan unleashed 60 hours of terror in Mumbai, killing 166 people.
Since then, Pakistan has stuck to its guns on “non-state actors” being involved in 26/11, even as India has repeatedly pressured it to bring the perpetrators to book.
Though no major terrorist attack has hit India since, the cloud of terrorism is far from over, according to the Global Terrorism Index, 2014, which was recently released by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).
The index includes Maoist violence, which was once described by former prime minister Manmohan Singh as India’s greatest internal security threat.
In 2013, India witnessed 624 terrorism incidents that led to 404 deaths. This marked a rise from 2012, when India saw 366 terrorism incidents and 238 deaths.
Of the 404 deaths in 2013, Maoists claimed responsibility for 192 (47.5%). Terrorism claimed 60 lives and 64 lives were lost in insurgency in the Northeast.
There has been considerable reduction in Maoist terror in the last few years but numbers suggest that they are the biggest threat.
Moreover, the index ranks India 6th globally (score 7.8/10) among the countries facing the worst impact of terrorism. India accounts for 2.2% of all global deaths due to terrorism.
Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria and Syria are the only countries that fare worse than India.
The only respite is that the 70% of terrorist attacks in India in 2013 were of low intensity.
Recent developments such as the al-Qaeda announcing foundation of an Indian wing and a bomb blast in West Bengal that is suspected to have international links show India cannot let its guard down.
According to the IEP, terrorism directly correlates with social hostility between religious groups, state-sponsored violence like extra judicial killings and violent crimes. Worse, the IEP predicts India may see a rise in terrorism.