The Maharashtra Foundation Day was celebrated on Tuesday by paying homage to 105 martyrs who laid down their lives for the cause of a "samyukta" (unified) Maharashtra with Mumbai as its capital.
The official programme of the 48th Foundation Day was held at the historic Shivaji Park in Dadar with Governor SM Krishna congratulating the `Maharashtrian Manoos' (People of Maharashtra) for the overall progress made by the state in the 47-years of its existence.
City Mayor Shubha Raul paid homage to the 105 martyrs at the "Hutatma Smarak" in the heart of downtown Mumbai. The memorial has names of all the 105 martyrs, a majority of them mill workers, inscribed on it and also a permanent flame in their memory.
The first of the martyrs had died during protest in 1957, three years before the state came into existence.
The state came into existence on May 1, 1960 after being carved out of the erstwhile Bombay Presidency on lingual grounds with Bombay (Mumbai) as its capital and Gujarat being the second state.
Some Marathi-majority areas in Northern Karnataka like Belgaum were included in Karnataka which is a topic of controversy and a political issue till date.
In Nasik PWD Minister Chhagan Bhujbal unfurled the national flag at police parade grounds to mark the occasion.
Bhujbal, who is also Guardian Minister of Nasik district, inspected the parade and took the salute presented by police force, civil defence, fire-brigade-personnel and home guards.
Later, the Minister felicitated some police officials, teachers, sportsmen, for their outstanding constribution to their respective fields.
A report from Nagpur said Maharashtra Minister for Textile Satish Chaturvedi unfurled the national flag and took the salute at the Kasturchand Park ground.
In his address, Chaturvedi, who is also the Guardian Minister of Nagpur called for launching a drive for village sanitation to make the areas clean and beautiful.
The drive has started paying dividends and some of the villages in the state have been selected for the awards.
The state government has initiated various welfare schemes for labourers and has taken steps to stop child labour, he said.
The second capital was set to become a happening city with the setting-up of projects of major IT companies which will ultimately provide huge employment opportunities to the youth here.
In Wardha, district Guardian Minister Vasant Purke was the chief guest and urfurled the flag.
In Gadchiroli, minister of state for transport and Guardian Minister Dharamrao Baba Atram was the chief guest for flag hoisting ceremony.