Acute shortage of primary teachers in India; UP, Bihar worst-hit states | india | Hindustan Times
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Acute shortage of primary teachers in India; UP, Bihar worst-hit states

Despite its attempts to universalise education with the Right to Education (RTE), new data shows that India’s schools still fall short of 5.86 lakh primary-level teachers and 3.5 lakh upper primary level teachers.

india Updated: Dec 14, 2014 23:48 IST
Vikas Pathak

Despite its attempts to universalise education with the Right to Education (RTE), new data shows that India’s schools still fall short of 5.86 lakh primary-level teachers and 3.5 lakh upper primary level teachers.

The universalisation of elementary education — that leads to a better trained work force and aware citizenry and also bolsters a nation’s score in the human development index, which has literacy as a criterion — is a goal of state policy.

Smriti Irani, human resource development minister, shared this data for all 35 states and union territories with the Lok Sabha a few days back in response to a question regarding teacher vacancies.

The state-wise break-up of the data shows that two of India’s most populous and backward states — UP and Bihar — account for a large proportion of the shortfall.

UP alone is short of 2.52 lakh teachers at the primary level and 55,859 teachers at the upper primary level. Bihar has a shortfall of 1.14 lakh and 82,303 at the two levels.

The RTE, that became functional in 2010, also prescribes pupil-teacher ratios.

From classes 1 to 5, there need to be two teachers for up to 60 children, three teachers for up to 61-90 students, four teachers for up to 91-120 children and five for 121-200 children.

For classes 6 to 8 there needs to be one teacher per class. There also needs to be one teacher for every 35 children at this level.