Army arming cops to tackle Naxals
THE ARMY is training police personnel to combat Naxalism in six states. The Governments of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Uttaranchal have approached the Central Command to help arm the police to tackle the growing Naxal menace. In a statement issued by the Central Command on Friday, it was said that the training programme for as many as 52 PAC companies (over 5,200 jawans) in UP was underway at Lucknow, Agra, Kanpur, Varanasi, Bareilly, Allahabad and Meerut.india Updated: Sep 30, 2006 01:32 IST
THE ARMY is training police personnel to combat Naxalism in six states. The Governments of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Uttaranchal have approached the Central Command to help arm the police to tackle the growing Naxal menace.
In a statement issued by the Central Command on Friday, it was said that the training programme for as many as 52 PAC companies (over 5,200 jawans) in Uttar Pradesh was underway at Lucknow, Agra, Kanpur, Varanasi, Bareilly, Allahabad and Meerut. Additionally, 600 PAC jawans of Uttaranchal were being trained at Kotwara and Hardwar. Specialised anit-Naxalite training is being imparted at Punjab Regimental Centre, Ramgarh, Bihar Regiment Centre, Danapur and Grenadier Regimental Centre, Jabalpur for 1,200 police personnel of Jharkhand and 600 personnel of Bihar and Orissa, respectively.
In addition to counter improvised explosives device (IED) training at CMM in Jabalpur, counter-insurgency and jungle warfare training by CIJW School is being imparted to police personnel in Vairangte in Manipur. The Central Army is also presently conducting specialised training for personnel in Chhattisgarh.
Furthermore, 500 police personnel of Orissa will be undergoing training at JAK Rifles Regimental Centre in Jabalpur, shortly.
Unlike the conventional training concepts, these training modules aim at preparing a PAC jawan to be totally adept in weapon handling and field craft and enable him to “think, survive and operate” like his adversary. The four-week training aims at mental conditioning as well as physically toughening the jawans.
The training starts with refreshing the basics of combat and gradually develops into counter terrorism and jungle warfare training before terminating into tough outdoor camps.
The basic training in the first week involves physical conditioning and firing all kinds of modern weapons. In the second weak, the jawans are made to undergo tough endurance training and learn about use of communication devices including advanced radio sets, adopting secrecy in communication, navigation in the thick forested jungles and mountains and exert field craft to enable them to survive and fight.
The jawans are taught to “think and fight” like a naxal. The jawans are initially acquainted with the origins of the movement, its demands, present organisational set-up, spread and the modus operandi being adopted by the Naxalites. Thereafter, they are trained on establishment and security of police posts in the affected areas, route patrolling, road opening, cordon and search operations, laying of ambushes and raids on naxal hideouts and camps etc.
Though, initially, the Naxals have been using crude bombs, now they have graduated to the use of remote-controlled improvised explosive device (IEDs) and more sophisticated bombs. Special training is being imparted to the jawans in handling explosives, neutralising, and disarming IEDs and identification and disposal of bombs. Jawans are also being trained in the important aspect of intelligence gathering and creation of intelligence bases which would ensure success in the field.
Model Naxal hideouts have been prepared which shall help the jawans acquaint themselves with the nuances of a hideout and plan a raid more effectively. Army instructors were specially dispatched to the Naxal-affected areas to seek a first hand account of the actual ground conditions and modus operandi of the Naxalites. The month-long training is being imparted on a rotation basis with seven companies being trained at a time. The final leg of the training will commence with 675 personnel of Reserve Police Force (RPF) companies of Uttaranchal being trained by the Central Army at 11 Gorkha Rifles Regimental Centre in Lucknow Cantonment beginning in January, 2007.