An automatic garlic-peeling machine has been developed in the country and the peeled garlic is 100 per cent free from damage. One of such machine has already been exported to Pakistan.
The specialised machine meant primarily for use in the pickle industries developed by M Nagarajan of M/s Virgo Engineering Works Usilampatti, Madurai, Tamil Nadu has been recently awarded Rs 1 lakh Meritorious Invention Award of the National Research Development Corporation.
The indigenous machine's cost at Rs 1 lakh is supposed to be much less than the imported varieties, which cost over Rs 4 lakh.
With capacity of handling over 80 kgs per hour of garlic pods, it would replace the conventional unhygienic, space and labour intensive manual method used presently for peeling garlic by the pickle industry.
The machine's technology is fairly simple in which full garlic is put into the hopper and enters a stainless steel drum inside which a vertical shaft with rubber pads is rotating.
The garlic gets in contact with the rubber pads and with other garlic and the skin gets skimmed off and falls.
A blower section has been placed near the outlet, which blows away the skin to a dust collection box via an aluminium pipe.
The peeled garlic is collected at the outlet through the collection box without the skin.
The full garlic-peeling machine works on the principle of conversion of electrical energy from electrical motor into mechanical energy in terms of rotating shaft. A 2 HP motor is used to rotate the shaft at 900 rpm around which around 70 rubber pads are fixed.
When the full garlic enters the peeling chamber it gets split into individual pieces (without damage) and when they move through the rotating shaft the skin gets peeled off.