India's Silicon Valley, Bangalore, is leading the way in technology-aided policing too.
Next month, Karnataka Police will launch a Geographic Information System-based crime mapping analysis in Bangalore that will identify crime hot spots in the city across parameters like crime, modus operandi and even time of the day when incidents take place.
"We shall start from 1 January in one zone in Bangalore," Additional Director General of Police, Karnataka, Kuchanna Srinivasan, told police officers and researchers at a colloquium on the importance of research in policing. The Bureau of Police Research and Development has organised the four-day event.
Within the next three to six months, Srinivasan said they expected to have a considerable amount of data on crime to be able to draw out patterns and trends that would help the police identify trouble spots and focus attention and resources.
Karnataka- the only state to have linked all its police stations with computers - has already generated similar data till the police station level. Bangalore police officers were then shocked to find red spots - indicating high level of thefts - in two middle-class colonies of the city.
Dr Arvind Verma, who quit the Indian Police Service to work on the criminal justice system at the Indiana University, USA, said geographic profiling was a highly developed field abroad and used to take preventive measures and investigation.
Verma had earlier pushed for introducing a greater dose of research in the police system in India since it provided the "much needed transparency and accountability, which gets transferred in policy making".