Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egypt (1992 - 1996)
He was criticised for the UN's failure to act during the 1994 Rwandan genocide, which killed about 800,000 people.india Updated: Jun 29, 2006 20:18 IST
Boutros-Ghali's term in office remains controversial.
He was criticised for the UN's failure to act during the 1994 Rwandan genocide, which killed about 800,000 people and he appeared unable to muster support in the UN for intervention in the continuing civil war in Angola.
One of the hardest periods for his office during the first term was certainly one of resolving the crisis and the UN diplomatic and humanitarian work during the civil war in former Yugoslavia.
His reputation thus became entangled in the larger controversies over the effectiveness of the UN and the role of the US in the UN.
In an interview to an Egyptian television in 2004, called the United States a "totalitarian regime" in its dealings with the rest of the world.
For his detractors, he came to symbolise the UN's alleged inaction in the face of humanitarian crises, while his defenders often accused the US of blocking UN action.
Boutros-Ghali was the first UN secretary-general to not be elected to a second term in office.
In 1996, ten Security Council members, led by three African members (Egypt, Guinea-Bissau and Botswana) sponsored a resolution backing Boutros-Ghali for a second five-year term, until the year 2001.
However, the US vetoed a second term for Boutros-Ghali.
In addition to the United States, the United Kingdom, Poland, South Korea, and Italy did not sponsor the resolution for a second term, although all four of those nations voted in support of Boutros-Ghali (after the US had firmly declared its intention to veto).
From 1997 to 2002, Boutros-Ghali was Secretary-General of La Francophonie, an organisation of French-speaking nations.