Persons of Indian origin (PIOs) who are not citizens of the country will soon be able to join Indian universities and technical institutes as faculty.
As part of its ‘Brain Gain’ policy, the human resource development ministry is working on removing a legal barrier that does not allow persons of Indian origin who are citizens of another country to be in public service and government jobs.
The ministry wants to attract reputed teachers of Indian origin and Indian citizens working in world-class institutions abroad.
It is working on a change in the Citizenship Act, 1995, as amended in 2003.
The agenda note on the national policy to attract talent to teaching and research said, “In order to ensure that the highly skilled Indian diaspora is able to participate in the development of world-class institutions in the country, a suitable enactment or notification, as may be required, shall be made to remove this limitation …”
This is part of the measures that the ministry will take to get talent back to Indian institutions. As reported earlier by Hindustan Times, the ministry is planning to give academic and research freedom to people who join the 14 innovation universities, which will come up in the next couple of years.
The faculty will be given the freedom to design courses, examination patterns, and teaching, and also decide on course fees.
In order to attract talent, the ministry will also give a research endowment fund of not less than Rs 200 crore (Rs 2,000 million) a year to each university.
The Brain Gain policy also seeks to provide high-quality life on the campus with access to schools for the children of teachers, residence, health facilities, leisure, and entertainment.
The move assumes significance considering the expansion of higher education in India. Until 2007, India had seven IITs, six IIMs and 24 central universities. Today, the number of IITs has increased to 15 and the number of IIMs is set to grow to 14.
This year, 12 new central universities have joined the 24 existing ones.
"The human resource development ministry is keen to facilitate getting talent from abroad. But we will need the home ministry's nod," a senior official of the ministry said on condition of anonymity.
The ministry will also form networks of eminent academicians and researchers working abroad to work as facilitators for sourcing talent for appointment in higher educational institutions.