Four prestigious hospitals in the city were the worst violators of the Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules 1998, said a report submitted to the Bombay High Court on Wednesday.
The report by two advocates mentioned that in the survey of 40 hospitals a majority had fallen short of adhering to the prescribed norms, but the toppers in flouting the rules were JJ Hospital in Byculla, Bombay Hospital in Marine Lines, Bhagwati Hospital in Borivli and Bai Sakarbai Dinshaw Petit Hospital for Animals in Parel.
The report said these four were putting patients and their staff at risk of infection.
Four hospitals were found to be adhering to the norms to a satisfactory degree. These were Asian Heart Institute in the Bandra-Kurla Complex, PD Hinduja in Mahim, Bhatia General Hospital in Grant Road, GT Hospital in Crawford Market.
The high court had on November 1 appointed advocates Uday Warunjikar and Shiraz Rustomjee as court commissioners to inspect government and private hospitals to ascertain whether they were following the rules prescribed for safe disposal of bio-medical waste.
The report revealed shocking details of carelessness on the part of the four worst offenders, whether it was disposal of used needles and bandages or urine and stool samples.
It also said a majority of the hospitals did not follow basic guidelines like segregation of common garbage from bio-medical waste. The report said staff was unclear about what type of waste should be put in what colour bag, in accordance with the colour coding system.
Many hospitals were found to be dumping waste in the open. JJ Hospital was probably the worst on this count, with dogs and goats foraging amid piles of waste, said the report.
The report said many hospitals did not have even basic facilities, like a needle cutter or a needle burner to dispose of used needles and a proper storage facility for bio-medical waste till its disposal.