Conflict resolution in religion
All religions emphasise that God resides in each one of us. He is the one and yet many.india Updated: Aug 10, 2006 11:46 IST
The Hindu belief that the Truth is one but that the wise interpret it differently is explained by Mahatma Gandhi in Hindu Dharma thus: “All of us with one voice call one God differently as Parmatma, Ishwara, Shiva, Vishnu, Rama, Allah, Khuda, Ahura Mazda, Jehovah, God. He is the one and yet many; He is smaller than an atom, and bigger than the Himalayas. He is contained even in a drop of the ocean, and yet not even the seven seas can encompass Him.” But that does not mean that the Hindu sages dismissed the possibility of religious plurality and conflict.
Saint Nammalvar in Tiruviruttam admits, “The Lord has created diverse ways of worship. He has created faiths that differ among themselves, according to the differences in the understanding of their fol lowers. He has created various gods of these faiths. He has filled the gods with His form”.
Since the gods of all faiths are but different forms of the same Supreme Being, he says in Tiruvaimoli, 1.1.5, “The followers of different faiths attain to the feet of the gods they worship, according to their lights. The gods they worship are not deficient. The Supreme Lord pervading everyone has ordained that everyone should follow his destined course.”
This method of judgement rejects condescension as it admits that all religions and all texts are valuable in their own right. It is based on the fact that the theology of a land is the product of its environment and its specific modes of cognitive, intellectual, aesthetic, moral and religious experience. This method takes man from dogmatic theology to true spiritualism.