The latest religion-based population data shows that between 2001 and 2011, population of Muslims in Kerala grew by 1.9%, from 24.7% to 26.6%. After Assam and Uttarakhand, the state ranks third in Muslim population growth.
Economic backwardness, low literacy level and poor social awareness are main reasons cited for the high-growth rate of Muslims in the state. It is found that Muslim-majority districts like Malappuram are socially and economically backward as compared to other districts.
At least five assembly seats went up in Muslim-majority areas of Malappuram and Kozhikkode during the delimitation of assembly constituencies in 2011, which helped the Muslim League to exert its position in state politics. Though rate of growth of other communities also declined in the state, the rate of growth of Muslims was not commensurate with that of the level of decline. Educated Muslim population birth rate was contained drastically.
Malappuram has the highest mobile penetration and is the first Wi-Fi municipality of the country. According to the data published by the directorate of census, the state population was 3,34,06,061 in March 2011 as compared to 3,18,41,374 in 2001. Though the country witnessed 17.4 birth rate, it was 4.9% in Kerala.