In Saudi Arabia, a gawky teenager is transformed into a hulking creature. In Paris, a historian chases legends about mystical gemstones. In South Africa, a boy discovers a sparkling rock with healing powers.
The characters are from a new genre of superheroes endowed with Muslim virtues and aimed at young Muslims in a comic book series called The 99. Launched in July, it is being billed as the world's first superhero project drawn from Islamic culture.
Its creator, 35-year-old Naif Al-Mutawa, admits the series -- based on 99 heroes who embody the 99 attributes of God in Islam -- is tricky in a religion where attempts to personify God's power can spark protests and even death threats.
But the U.S.-educated Al-Mutawa hopes to create a new Islamic pop culture. His Kuwait-based company is also rolling out classic U.S. comic books -- from Archie to Spider-Man and The Incredible Hulk -- to the Middle East in the Arabic language.
On Thursday he won the crucial blessing of Muslim clerics who manage a Bahrain investment bank. It approved $25 million to help finance his company, Teshkeel Media Group, and pay for plans to launch an animated The 99 series for television.
"If you look at the superheroes who exist in the world today, you have two groups: the group that comes out of North America and the group that comes out of Japan," Al-Mutawa, who was born in Kuwait and spent much of his adult life in the United States, said during a visit to Boston.
The 99's heroes boast of Muslim virtues ranging from faithfulness to wisdom. When combined, they express the divine
"The idea of using religion as a modern-day archetype is not new -- the West has been using it for a long time. No one has really mined Islamic culture for that," he said.
The plot of The 99 blends a pivotal point in Islamic history -- the sacking of Baghdad by the Mongols in the 13th century -- with a big dose of fantasy.
In the story, the wisdom, tolerance and spirituality of the Baghdad caliphate are coded in 99 gemstones as the barbarians gather at Baghdad's gate. They are smuggled out as three prayer beads of 33 stones each and scattered around the world.
Heroes such as Jabbar the Powerful and Mumita the Destroyer must find them before the bad guys do.
"It's a metaphor for the spreading of Islam without mentioning Islam. These comics have no mention of Islam or the prophet or prayer," Al-Mutawa told Reuters in an interview.
Al-Mutawa studied at Tufts University in Massachusetts and earned a doctorate in clinical psychology and an MBA from Columbia University in New York. His past work includes treating survivors of political torture from the 1991 Gulf War.
"It kind of left me with the hollow feeling that we don't have any heroes in that part of the world," he said.
The idea for Muslim superheroes came as he rode a taxi in London with his sister and mother in 2003. His classmates at Columbia introduced him to writers and artists from Marvel Comics, who helped him develop his ideas.
Al-Mutawa is Marvel's distributor in the Arab world.
|Naif Al-Mutawa at work on his comics|
Marvel artists joined his team, giving the drawings a distinctly American look with the superheroes' muscles bulging from their tights. But the similarity ends there.
Unlike the Judeo-Christian archetype of super-powerful individuals orphaned young, like Superman, The 99 heroes boast Muslim virtues ranging from faithfulness to wisdom. When combined, they express the divine.
To maintain peace with religious authorities, especially in important markets with strict Islamic laws such as Saudi Arabia, the series will likely peak with 70 heroes. Only God possesses all 99 characteristics in Islam.
Having spent childhood summers in New Hampshire, Al-Mutawa sees the project as a balance between the forces that have defined his life -- the West and Middle East -- for a new generation of Muslims heavily influenced by both cultures.
To help sell his idea, Al-Mutawa showed his financial backers a newspaper story about a Hamas supporter in the Palestinian territories who was selling a children's book with stickers of suicide bombers as heroes.
"I took this around and said, 'look, this is what's happening in the vacuum'," he said. "I don't want my kids growing up like that."