India’s financial capital which houses the maximum number of slum dwellers in the country has one in two persons residing in a slum, as per a Human Development Report compiled by Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
“Worldwide, one in three persons lives in a slum. But the figures are much higher for Mumbai where 54.1 per cent of the population are slum dwellers as per 2001 Census. This means that ‘one in two persons in Mumbai city is residing in a slum´,” the report said.
“They occupy just six per cent of all land in Mumbai explaining the horrific levels of congestion,” it added.
Delhi has 18.9 per cent, Kolkata 11.72 per cent and Chennai 25.60 per cent in slums. Some 29 per cent, between a fourth and third of Maharashtra’s urban population resides in Mumbai’s slums.
The first cut-off date was 1976, meaning the slums settled prior to 1975 were recognised and notified. The present cut-off date for notification of slums is 1995 but the government recently declared that pre-2000 slums would be regularised.
In 2006-07, the city had a per capita income of Rs 65,361, twice than the country’s average per capita income of Rs 29,382.