Five major earthquakes to have struck India

  • HT Correspondent, Hindustan Times, New Delhi
  • Updated: Apr 25, 2015 19:01 IST

Hundreds of people were killed and scores were injured when a powerful earthquake, measuring 7.9 on Richter scale, struck Nepal on Saturday. Tremors were felt in many parts of north and east India with 34 deaths reported at the last count. This is the strongest quake to have hit Nepal in 81 years.

Here is a list of five major earthquakes that have struck India in the past:

Magnitude: 8.1
Date: January 15, 1934
Toll: Over 30,000
This quake is considered to be one of the worst quakes in Indian history. The epicentre of the earthquake was located in eastern Nepal. Extensive damage was caused to life and property. The intensity of the earthquake was so strong that its effect was felt in Kolkata-650 km from epicentre. Purnea, Munger, Muzaffarpur and Champaran were among the worst-affected areas.

Magnitude: 7.7
Date: January 26, 2001
Toll: Over 20,000
The earthquake occurred at 8:40 am and lasted for two minutes. Several towns and villages were destroyed in the catastrophe. Being close to the epicentre, Bhuj was among the worst-affected areas including Anjaar, Vondh and Bhachau. Several buildings were damaged or destroyed in the quake. The famous Swaminarayan temple in the city of Bhuj was also partially damaged.

Magnitude: 6.4
Date: September 30, 1993
Toll: Over 20,000
The quake epicentre was at Killari village in Latur district. Osmanabad and Latur were the worst affected areas. The destruction was massive with over 52 villages completely flattened.

Magnitude: 8.6
Date: August 15, 1950
Toll: Over 1,500
The epicentre was located at Rima in Tibet. The quake caused widespread destruction in both Assam and Tibet. It was considered to be among the 10 largest earthquakes of 20th century.

Magnitude 6.1
Date: October 20, 1991
Toll: Over 1000
The quake shook Uttarkashi, Chamoli and Tehri in Uttarakhand and caused extensive damage to property. The tremors of the quake were felt up to Delhi.


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