The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) said on Monday that universities were "over-regulated" and pitched for setting them free from the "tangles" of external monitoring agencies.
"Universities are over-regulated and under-governed. We must move from regime of inspections to an era of self declaration by the universities," NAAC chairman Goverdhan Mehta said during a function at Kurukshetra University.
He said there was an urgent need to give autonomy to the universities and other institutes of higher learning to make them free from the tangles of external monitoring agencies.
Higher education sector is growing fast and "to steer this expansion in the right direction, we need to have structural and curricular changes," Mehta said.
The country required 3,000 universities and 50,000 colleges to achieve the target of gross enrolment ratio (GER) of 20-25 per cent by 2020, he added.
GER is the percentage of students enrolled in primary, secondary and tertiary levels of education out of the school-going age population.