Spain joined an unfortunate list of defending World Champions who have been knocked out of the tournament in the group stage. They are the 5th side after Italy (1950 and 2010), Brazil (1966) and France (2002) to recieve this dubious honour.
The Italians were defending champions for 12 years as the World Cup did not take place between 1938 to 1950 due to the second World War. They came in to the 1950 championship severely weakened by the death of some their players in the Superga air disaster a year before the start of the tournament. They lost 3-2 to Sweden and beat Paraguay 2-0, they finished second in the group and failed to qualify.