Class 3 school children in Himachal Pradesh have better language and numerical abilities than their counterparts in rest of the country.
During the National Achievement Survey, carried out by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), class 3 students were assessed for listening abilities, recognition of words and reading comprehension.
Their mathematical abilities in numbers, basic applications, measurement, money and geometry were also measured. Both measurements were carried out on a scale of 0-500.
With 256, Himachal Pradesh topped the list, followed by Delhi (253). In mathematics, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab are frontrunners with a score of 258, followed by Uttar Pradesh (257) and Delhi (244).
At the national level, 65% of class 3 students were able to understand a passage after listening to it, 86% recognised words and 59% were able to read a passage as well as interpret its meaning.
In listening skills, Tripura, West Bengal, Daman and Diu, Mizoram and Gujarat scored high, while Jammu and Kashmir, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh and Chandigarh were low scorers.
In Mathematics, high-performing states are Tamil Nadu and Daman and Diu, while Chhattisgarh was at the bottom of the list. Also, in most states no significant difference was noticed in performance of boys and girls, except Kerala where girls outshone boys.
For the first time NCERT used internationally acclaimed technique of Item Response Theory for Class 3 assessments, which measure the true ability of learners to respond correctly to different levels of difficulty, allows comparisons of scores over time and increases accuracy of results.
The NCERT has been periodically conducting these surveys since 2001 for Classes 3, 5 and 8.
The NAS reports give a national and state-level picture, rather than scores of individual students, schools and districts.