Himalayan region may see greater quakes: Study
?THE SEISMIC risk due to the Himalayas has increased.? This was stated by an eminent geophysicist at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT-K) Dr RP Singh on the basis of a research conducted by Max Wyss of Switzerland.india Updated: Apr 11, 2006 00:31 IST
“THE SEISMIC risk due to the Himalayas has increased.” This was stated by an eminent geophysicist at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT-K) Dr RP Singh on the basis of a research conducted by Max Wyss of Switzerland.
Dr Singh told HT that Max, who conducted studies in this region, has come to the conclusion after studying the movement of the earth plates that by the end of this century the Himalyan region might witness a greater earthquake affecting at least ten cities. Max suggested that priority should be given to save ten cities including Almora, Ranikhet, Nainital, Pithoragargh, Champavat, Ramnagar Lansdown, Chaubattiya, Kota Bag, Dehradun-Musoorie. Besides, Gurkha and Kathmandu in Nepal also come under the quake zone, the studies said.
Talking about the expected casualties, Max said in the event of an earthquake of 8.1 intensity, the expected casualties might go up to 15,000 in a sparsely populated area in western Nepal and 1,50,000 in an area near Dehra Dun segment. According to his estimates, if the earthquake occurred, the number of injured was expected to range from 40,000 to 250,000. The number of affected settlements would be around 3,000, the report said.
In his report, Max said, “The motivation for such studies is to provide a quantitative basis for setting priorities in mitigation efforts and to prepare for a realistic scale of a likely disaster.” He further said, “Although the time of future earthquakes is unknown, there is no doubt that magnitude of eight classes will happen along the Himalayan front.” The forces of plate tectonics that caused India to collide with Asia, thrusting up the most magnificent mountain chain on the planet, continue to generate great earthquakes in the collision zone. .