Urban development minister M Venkaiah Naidu on Thursday announced the names of the first 20 cities which will be developed into smart cities in 2016.
While the country has rapidly urbanised in recent decades, many towns and cities still lack basic infrastructure. Here is a look at the state of public transport and garbage disposal systems in a few cities including the top three from the list:
Population: 9 lakh
State of public transport: Around 25,000 ‘share autos’ are the mainstay of the transport system in Bhubanewar. There are about 125 city buses, mostly private. Around 5,000 three-wheelers and mini-vans ferry children to schools.
Status of garbage disposal: Every day Bhubaneswar produces around 600 metric tonne of garbage that is dumped on the outskirts of the city.
Population: 37 lakh
State of public transport: Pune has 500 buses, but the public transport is in a bad shape because of inadequate numbers and paucity of funds. People mostly use their own vehicles for commuting.
Status of garbage disposal: Pune produces around 1,800 mt of garbage every day, but has only one dumping yard. Also, the neighbouring village of Urali Kanchan has refused to provide a dump for garbage generated by Pune.
Population: 66.2 lakh
State of public transport: Jaipur has 2,350 buses. People use these or their own vehicles for daily commuting
Status of garbage disposal: The city produces 1,200 MT of solid waste per day. There are three landfills outside the city where the garbage is dumped. There is a solid waste treatment plant near one of the landfills where 500 MT of waste is treated every day.
Population: 60 lakh
State of public transport: 235 buses for dedicated corridor of bus rapid transit system (BRTS) and nearly 200 buses on regular routes. Common mode of transport is two-wheelers, four-wheelers, public buses and auto-rickshaws.
Status of garbage disposal: over 4,000 tonne per day; collected through street cleaning and door-to-door collections under Solid Waste Management Programme.
Population: 48 lakh
State of public transport: 200 buses on regular routes and nearly 70 on BRTS.
Status of garbage disposal: 1,400 tonne per day collected through Solid Waste Management Programme.
Population: 16.18 lakh
State of public transport: The city corporation purchased 105 city buses under JNNURM. Of 105, 65 buses are plying on the roads while remaining buses are waiting for notification of new routes. Residents generally travel in auto-rickshaws.
Status of garbage disposal: The city produces more than 1,100 tonne of garbage every day and it is taken to main dump spread across 50 acres on Tajpur Road. Meanwhile, the project to setup Solid Waste Management Plant is in the pipeline.
Population: 22 lakh
State of public transport: Bhopal has BRTS corridor which covers area of 24 Km. Residents travel to work in MY Bus. There are more than 200 city buses.
Status of garbage disposal: The 650 tonne of garbage produced daily in the city is disposed of in an open-air dump yard at Bhanpurkanti.
Population: 15 lakh
State of public transport: Guwahati’s transportation needs are met by about 300 city buses and 700 private buses. People also use auto-rickshaws, taxis and private four-and two-wheelers for commuting within the city. Preliminary construction work on a metro project has also started.
Status of garbage disposal: Guwahati has a pathetic garbage disposal system. The total garbage generated is about 600 tonnes per day. West Boragaon on the outskirts of the city is the sole disposal ground for the city’s solid waste. The Guwahati Municipal Corporation has engaged NGOs for door-to-door waste collection.
Population: 14 lakh
State of public transport: There are 119 buses 69 mini-buses in Jabalpur. Besides public transport, people also use two-wheelers and four-wheelers for their daily commute.
Status of garbage disposal: The city produces 450 tonnes of garbage per day, which is dumped in landfill sites on the outskirts.
Population: 6 lakh
State of public transport: 151 government buses make 1,200 trips a day in Belgaum city. 350 mini buses, maxi cabs and other public transport vehicles service the city and outskirts.
Status of garbage disposal: The city generates 220 tonness of garbage per day, but only around 15 per cent is treated.
Population: 21 lakh
State of public transport: The city runs about 1,000 state-owned buses, but people also rely on auto-rickshaws for their daily commute. Work is expected to start soon on the Visakhapatnam Metro Rail project at an estimated cost of Rs 12,725 crore.
Status of garbage disposal: The city generates about 1,000 tonnes of garbage a day. The city municipality spends Rs 10 crore annually on garbage collection and disposal with the help of nearly 5,000 sanitary workers and 425 vehicles. The garbage is dumped at a yard on the city’s outskirts.
Population: 21.17 lakh
State of public transport: The main modes of transport within city are buses, cars and auto-rickshaws. A Metro rail will start functioning from November 1. There are also 600 private buses operating in the city.
Status of garbage disposal: Kochi generates about 15,000 tonnes of garbage every day. But waste-disposal remains a big problem. Residents turn canals and water bodies into dumping yards.