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How to score big in Commerce subjects

india Updated: Feb 25, 2012 00:27 IST
Shaswati Das

Experts say it is now time for Class XII students to judiciously divide their remaining time among all subjects.


While this could prove to be a daunting task, the CBSE Board has allotted a weightage to certain topics for all subjects in the Commerce stream that students must abide by while preparing for the exams.

MATHEMATICS
Calculus: 44 marks
Vectors and 3-D Geometry:
17 marks
Algebra: 13 marks
Relations and functions and probability: 10 marks each
Linear programming: 6 marks

"Students must remember not to let even one day go by without practising the subject. They should spend at least an hour on it everyday till the exams begin. In the days before the maths exam, they must do one sample paper everyday at least," said Charu Duggal, who teaches maths to senior secondary classes.

ACCOUNTANCY
Accounting for share capital and debenture:
25 marks
Accounting for partnership firms: 20 marks
Accounting for not for profit organizations: 10 marks
Accounting for partnership firms - 5 marks

"Students must practise continuously and systematically. Filling up registers is not a solution, but if you know the highlighted points well, it amounts to doing 50 questions in one go. Practising sample papers is also a must to manage time well,” said Sonali Bajaj, who teaches both Accountancy and Business Studies to Class 12.

BUSINESS STUDIES
The Business studies paper is divided into two parts.
While the first part comprises of questions from Principles
and Functions of Manage-ment and carries 60 marks, the second part comprises questions from Business Finance and Marketing,
carrying a total of 40 marks.
As per CBSE
recommendations, the
important topics in
Part A and B are:
Organizing and directing:
10 marks each
Staffing: 8 marks
Planning, nature and
significance of management: 7 marks each
Marketing: 14 marks
Financial management:
12 marks

"Students tend to leave this subject for the end, which is a very wrong practise. They must consistently keep doing Business studies because it involves a lot of learning. Doing it at the very end will just confuse students," added Bajaj.

ECONOMICS
Consumer equilibrium and demand: 18 marks
Producer behaviour and supply : 18 marks
National income and related aggregates: 15 marks
Determination of income and employment : 12 marks
Forms of market and price determination: 10 marks
Money and banking: 8 marks
Government, budget and economy: 8 marks
Balance of payments:
7 marks
Introduction: 4 marks

"Since economics is a very scientific subject, the concepts must be very clear and students should know the diagrams and graphs by heart and they must also be well labelled. Students should not leave out any topics, especially the ones which have a higher weightage. This will help them score," said Rashmi Srivastava, head of social science department, Springdales School (Pusa Road).

However, despite all the specifications and guidelines that students are required to follow to ace the exams, teachers still stress on the fact the students must know their NCERT textbooks to be able to write the appropriate answers in the board exam since the papers are structured as per the content provided in these books. With little time left to go through any new topics, experts and teachers say students must also brush up their basics across all the subjects and go through them on a regular basis to avoid any confusion before the main exams.