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How to survive a bomb blast

The safest spots to travel in public transport may be near the back of the train car, away from the entrance. Select a less-crowded car towards the rear of the train.

india Updated: Jul 13, 2006 02:25 IST

• Bombings on buses and train cars are very lethal. You may have a second or two between seeing the flash and the bang of the explosion. So get as low as possible -- preferably on the ground with your elbows as support. This helps you avoid being hit by shrapnel. Staying low helps avoid smoke and toxic gases.

• The safest spots to travel in public transport may be near the back of the train car, away from the entrance. Select a less-crowded car towards the rear of the train. In a crowded compartment, it is safer to be sitting, because you are less exposed to shrapnel and injuries that way

• If an explosion occurs on your train, but not in your compartment, be prepared for a rapid derailment or stop. Remove eyeglasses and sharp objects (pens) from your pockets. Beware of secondary explosions. Terrorists sometimes detonate a second bomb to create maximum damage.

• Dive behind something solid. This offers protection against flying debris.

• Know your exits. Passengers should be familiar with where the emergency door or window release handles are. Keep your calm.

• Angle your way through a crowd. A panicked sea of people will move you right along with it, so never try to go against the crowd. To gain ground, move at an angle, edging your way between people. If trapped in debris, move as little as possible to save breath and avoid inhaling dust.

• Crouch down, put your head down and protect it with your hands to avoid being crushed. Use your elbows to protect your ribs.  Lean on your arms. This gives you air space so you can breathe. Round your back. If someone falls on you, they'll roll off of you rather than crush you.