Karnataka lokayukta N Santosh Hegde's report on illegal mining damns all. The report recommends chief minister BS Yeddyurappa, four ministers, former chief minister HD Kumaraswamy and 787 officials should be tried for graft. Several companies have been accused of plunder. Here is a guide to how to study the report. (all PDF)
P 1-11 : Opening remarks of justice Hegde. Here he explains terms of reference of his investigation.
P 12-30 : Introduction and outline of his investigation. Summary of how illegal mining happens and losses suffered because of it.
P 32-56 : How iron ore is smuggled through ports; companies named.
P 87-108 : 'Pool of illegalities. Here report explains 'how people in power misuse their offices'.
P 109-113 : Allegations against Obulapuram mining company, owned by the powerful Reddy brothers.
P 404-435 : 'Collapse of governance'. Here report explains how mining mafia rules Bellary district.
P 436--465 : Miscellaneous, suggestions, praise for officers.
The following are the main points of Hegde's report, which says between 2006 and 2010 illegal mining has caused the state a loss of Rs 16,085 crore.
** Try Yeddyurappa for graft because a trust run by his sons received Rs 10 crore donation from an iron ore mining firm that was financially not in a sound position. The sons also sold one acre land near Bangalore, whose market value was Rs.1 crore, for Rs 20 crore to a mining firm - the two incidents clearly establishing graft.
** Mining barons and ministers Reddy brothers -- tourism minister G Janardhana Reddy and revenue minister G Karunakara Reddy -- claim not being involved in mining in Karnataka. This is false. Enough evidence to prove them wrong.
** Their associate and health minister B Sriramulu also involved and should be tried.
** Yeddyurappa loyalist and housing minister V Somanna's wife involved in illegal mining business.
** Former chief minister and Janata Dal-Secular state president HD Kumaraswamy granted two mining leases, flouting rules. Should be prosecuted.
** Congress Rajya Sabha member and mining baron Anil Lad's wife involved in illegal mining. To be tried.
** BJP legislator B Nagendra also involved. To be tried.
** Total number of officials to be tried - 787.
** Number of companies named in the report - over 100.
** Files perused - 400,000
** Entries examined - 50 lakh (five million).
** Illegalities found - mining in larger areas than permitted; exporting with fake documents; overloading of trucks; encroachment of forest areas.
** Separate chapter on the situation in iron-ore rich district of Bellary, about 300 km from Bangalore. Bellary is the Reddy brothers' stronghold.
** Interim report on illegal mining given in Dec 18, 2008. No action from the government except filing cases against 55 firms.