Researchers at IIT-Kanpur showcased three different types of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) that could be used for anything from patrolling the borders to traffic management, crowd monitoring to surveillance and disaster management.
The flapping wing UAV for surveillance and aerial photography, which was on a test trial on Friday, is perhaps one of its kind in the world, said an official associated with the project.
“The 1.5 m wing span flying bird will carry a small camera as the payload and will be able to record pictures for surveillance applications.”
Two other flying models have been constructed of wing span 1.6m with very distinct mechanisms and weight.”
Another UAV — the small sized fixed wing has an endurance of over nine hours, can go to a top speed of 100 kmph per hour and has a payload of six kg. It also has a maximum take-off weight of 21 kg, in a pusher configuration. The platform is chosen specifically to accommodate future modifications to the design, including minimal radar cross section and vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) capabilities.
The engine can run on gasoline, jet fuel, or batteries. The system is also capable of taking-off from unpaved flat surfaces of 30 metres. It can be assembled within 20 minutes.
A test trial of the third UAV — visually guided autonomous quadrotors — also took place. These can be utilized in surveillance and disaster management. The four rotor design makes the quadrotors simple in design but it is highly reliable and agile.