The Indian Institutes of Technologies (IITs) continue to grapple with faculty shortage and a high gap in student-faculty ratio, the latest figures provided in the Lok Sabha have revealed.
Of the nearly 6,591 sanctioned posts only 4,079 have been filled, which is just 62% of the total capacity. The filled posts include that of visiting/adjunct and on contract faculty. While IIT Kharagpur has a faculty shortage of 456, IIT Delhi has a shortage of 349 faculty members.
As per the OECD report ‘Education at a glance’ 2010, the faculty-student ratio in higher education institutions was 15.1:1 in US, 17.6:1 in the UK, 10.6:1 in Japan, 12.1:1 in Germany and 16.6:1 in France. In IITs, the ratio is 16:1.
For IITs, the formula that was devised was for every ten students there should be one faculty. But from 2006 as the number of students across different IITs almost doubled the faculty strength has grown at just around 10%.
While the faculty-student ratio in IIT BHU is 22:1, in IIT Delhi and IIT Roorkee it is 19:1, in IIT Kharagpur it is 18:1, IIT Kanpur has a ratio of 16:1, in IIT Guwahati and IIT Madras it is 15:1, while in IIT Bombay it is 14:1.
The new IITs have a relatively better faculty-student ratio — IIT Indore at 8:1, IIT Bhubaneshwar and IIT Gandhinagar falling in the ratio of 9:1. IITs at Mandi, Patna and Ropar have a faculty student ratio of 10:1.