Former president and Bharat Ratna APJ Abdul Kalam died on Monday after collapsing during a lecture in Shillong.Kalam, 83, collapsed during a speech at the IIM Shillong and was rushed to the nearby Bethany Hospital where doctors put him on oxygen and tried to revive him.
Here are photos from his life and career as India's pre-eminent defence scientist and one of the country's most popular president.
Kalam was born in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. In this photo taken on 26 May 1989, Abdul Kalam is attending Agni's Scientists Press Conference. (HT Photo by Santosh Gupta)
In this photo taken on 28/03/81, APJ Abdul Kalam then a highly gifted research and development engineer scientist is receiving Padma Bhushan Award. (Photo: HT)
He has received several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna. In this file photo taken on 17/05/98, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam and secretary Department of Atomic Energy Dr R.Chidambaram are attending a joint press Conference in New Delhi. (HT Photo)
In this photo taken on 09/08/96, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam walks back after receiving G M modi award for Science Achievement.
In this photo taken on 17/05/98, R Chidambaram, then chairman of Atomic Energy Commission waves at a press conference with Dr Abdul Kalam, then advisor of defence minsitry along with K santhanam, then chief advisor of DRDO in New Delhi. Photo: Prakash Singh
In this file photo, APJ Abdul Kalam is being conferred the 13th Indira Gandhi Award for National Intergration by Congress President Sonia Gandhi. (Photo: UNI)
He became known as the Missile Man of India.
In this file photo Prime Minister AB Vajpayee, flanked by APJ Abdul Kalam and R Chidambaram inspects the site of the nuclear fission blast at Pokhran in Thar desert . (PTI photo)
In this file photo Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, DR Manmohan Singh and Somnath Chatterjee poses for a photo after the swearing in ceremony in New delhi. (Photo: PIB)
In this photo taken on 04/12/97, APJ Abdul Kalam is explianing President KR Narayanan and Prime Minister IK Gujral, about the missile at navy day reception in New Delhi.
In this file photo, then President APJ Abdul Kalam visits Jawahar Lal Nehru's samadhi in New Delhi. (Photo: Arvind Yadav)
A P J Abdul Kalam's 79th birthday was recognised as World Student's Day by United Nations.
In 2002, Kalam was elected the President of India.
In this photo, President APJ Abdul Kalam waves while traveling in horse carriage at the ceremonial reception in the Forecourt of Rashtrapati Bhavan after the swearing ceremony in New Delhi. (Photo SN Sinha/HT)
Kalam served as the 11th President of India, succeeding K R Narayanan.