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Inclusive models

HT research team spoke to a range of academics to find out if we can broaden the caste-wise reservation to include the poor from all communities.

india Updated: Jun 17, 2006 22:55 IST

HT research team spoke to a range of academics to find out if we can broaden the caste-wise reservation to include the poor from all communities. Sociologist Dipankar Gupta favours SC/ST reservation but is against OBC quota, historian Ramachandra Guha wants all reservations to be confined within 33 per cent. Social scientist D L Sheth believes that the ‘creamy layer’ must go and a group of most backwards must be carved out of the OBCs.

The following two more inclusive models -- one by Yogendra Yadav of CSDS and Satish Deshpande of Delhi School of Economics and the other by Purushottam Agrawal of JNU, combine merit and deprivation points:

Yadav and Deshpande model

Combine 'merit points' with 'disadvantage points'. Convert marks in the qualifying/entrance exam to a maximum of 80 points. The remaining 20 points (maximum) would be ‘disadvantage points.’

Disadvantage points (maximum 12 points) can have sub-components based on social groups, gender, schooling, and family background. The backward castes can be divided into ‘upper’ and ‘lower’ OBCs’ (or MBC) depending on the regions they come from.

Example: 10 points for a male MBCs from most backward region, 6 points for male OBC from less backward region and 2 points for a male OBC from a developed region. (Women in each category get +2 points)

Schooling points: (maximum 5 points) 5 points for Class XII from a rural govt. school; 3 points for a corporation run school in a metro; 2 points for small town private (non-English medium) school and no points for English medium private school in metros or for residential public schools.

Family background points (maximum 3 points) 3 points if none of the parents is in organised sector jobs or runs tax paying business, 2 points if one of them is a clerk or equivalent and 1 point if both of them are in low salaried jobs. No points if any one of the parents is a professional, officer or Income tax payer.

The points for schooling and family background would apply to all non SC/ST categories, including forward class students from poorer families. There is no need for a separate OBC quota. The disadvantage points also take care of the 'creamy layer.'  

Purushottam Agrawal’s model

Marks for entrance test/ interview and academic performance will account for 70 points. The remaining 30 will be points under the following heads: Caste/Tribe: (5 points) All SC/ ST candidates get 5 points; MBCs 4 points and OBCs 2 points

Gender: (5 points) for women irrespective of scores on any other index

Economic status: (6 points) No points for yearly family income above Rs 2,50,001; 3 points for income from Rs 1,00,001 to Rs 2,50,000; and 5 points for income up to Rs 1,00,000 and 6 points for the beneficiaries of poverty alleviation schemes/employment provision schemes of Central/ state govts.

Regions: (5 points) No points for candidates from metros and large cities; 3 points for non-metros; 3 points for all towns, and also cities in conflict regions; and 5 points for those from villages and tribal areas.

Schooling: (5 points) No points for students from public, boarding and premier schools; 2 points to students from Central govt. schools; 3 points to students from vernacular schools and 5 points to students from village/ panchayat or municipal schools.

(No backward region points for candidates studying in a public, boarding or premier school)

First generation learner: (4 points) No points for a candidate whose both parents are graduates; 1 point if one parent is graduate and the other is matriculate; 3 points if one parent is non matriculate and 4 points and if both parents are non matriculate.

Example: An SC/ ST candidate from Delhi public school with graduate parents and annual family income above Rs 2,50,000, gets 5 caste points but his sister gets 10. A BPL MBC from panchayat school in a backward region with illiterate parents gets 23 points. A forward caste candidate with same background gets 20 points.