India on Tuesday agreed to be part of the Copenhagen accord as its climate allies China, Brazil and South Africa continue to remain associated with it.
India, China, South Africa and Brazil, together called Basic countries, were instrumental in framing up the accord in the Danish Capital city Copenhagen on December 18.
But, the Basic countries decided in January to associate with the accord. Brazil and South Africa gave conditional association while China said it supports the accord.
Seeing that founding nations of the accord have not signed it, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) asked countries if they wanted to be listed in the Chapeau of the Copenhagen accord. India agreed but other Basic nations didn’t. “Listing in Chapeau (preamble) implies that we participated in the negotiations on the Copenhagen Accord and that we stand by the Accord,” Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh said in a suo-motu statement in the Lok Sabha.
Ramesh said India’s listing in the accord is conditional. “The accord a political document and not a legally binding one; the accord is not a separate track for negotiations outside the UNFCCC and the purpose of the accord was to bring consensus in the on-going two track process,” Ramesh said. The two tracks, on which talks will continue from April 2010, are the Long Term Cooperative Action on climate change and extending Kyoto Protocol.