India monitors borders to bag polio-free crown

  • Sanchita Sharma, Hindustan Times, New Delhi
  • Updated: Oct 25, 2013 13:04 IST

Now that India’s “polio-free” status is less than three months away - the nation’s last polio case is of a two-year-old girl in Howrah, West Bengal, reported on January 13, 2011 - the Centre is going the extra mile to stop re-infection.

This year, 296 polio cases were reported till October 16. In 2012, there were 171 in the same period and 223 till December 31 from five countries - Afghanistan, Chad, Niger, Nigeria, and Pakistan.

In 2013, polio cases in four countries — Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia and South Sudan – that were polio-free in 2012, are double of those in Nigeria, Pakistan and Afghanistan. And with conflict-hit Syria almost certain to join the group this week, re-infection is a worrying reality for India.

India’s intensive vaccination drive brought polio cases down to one in 2011 from 741 in 2009, when India topped the world’s polio charts, reporting about 46% of the global total of 1,604 cases.

“Children under 5 years crossing the international border into India are being vaccinated against polio at five points along the Indo-Pak border, 84 points along Indo-Nepal border and three points along India-Bangladesh border,” said Dr Pradeep Haldar, deputy commissioner immunisation, ministry of health and family welfare.

India’s Polio Emergency Preparedness and Response Plans teams have identified nearly 4,00,000 high risk settlements, to ensure no child under 5 misses vaccination. “The risks are huge in view of the uncontrolled transmission in Pakistan, Nigeria, the outbreaks in the Horn of Africa, and now Syria. The virus may come back into India through the same route it went out to countries as far as Angola, Tajikistan, Bangladesh and Nepal,” says Deepak Kapur, chair of the India National PolioPlus Committee.

http://www.hindustantimes.com/Images/Popup/2013/10/25_10_pg15a.jpg

Polio is a vaccine-preventable viral infection that cripples, paralyses and kills children, often within hours. Children who survive are often disabled permanently.

People living in countries and regions in conflict — Syria, Somalia and Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), to name a few —are at most risk because vaccinators cannot reach children. In Pakistan, the majority of cases are from North Waziristan in FATA, which now has the largest number of children being paralysed by polio in Asia.

Failure to eradicate polio could lead to at least 2 lakh children paralysed or dead worldwide every year.

Polio
Since the launch of the UN-backed Global Polio Eradication Initiative in 1988, polio cases have dropped by 99%-from 3.5 lakh children paralysed or killed annually in 125 countries in 1988 to 223 cases in five countries in 2012.

India’s last reported case was on January 13, 2011.

Global stats:

2013 (till October 16)
296*
2012 (till October 16)
171
2012
223
*Syria’s one case is yet to be confirmed.

2013 statistics:

Nigeria
49
Pakistan
43
Aghanistan
7
Ethiopia
6
Somalia
174
South Sudan
3
Kenya
14

From Around the Web
Sponsored by Revcontent

also read

Rajasthan high court acquits Salman Khan in Chinkara poaching cases
Show comments

Steps to disable Ad Blocker on your browser


In order to serve content on our website, we rely on advertising revenue which helps us to ensure that we continue to serve high quality unbiased journalism. From our end, we will aim to show clean and unobtrusive ads to provide you with a great browsing experience.

Request to please follow the steps below and once done, please refresh your page.


For Chrome and Ad BlockPlus users

1.Press the ‘ABP’ icon in your toolbar at top right of this page

2. Click on ‘Enabled on this site’; this should now change to ‘Disabled on this site’


chrome



For Chrome and Ad Block users

1.Press the ‘AdBlock’ icon in your toolbar

2.Select the option ‘Don’t run on pages on this domain’ and then click ‘exclude’ on the pop up


chrome

Steps to disable Ad Blocker on your browser


In order to serve content on our website, we rely on advertising revenue which helps us to ensure that we continue to serve high quality unbiased journalism. From our end, we will aim to show clean and unobtrusive ads to provide you with a great browsing experience.

Request to please follow the steps below and once done, please refresh your page.


For Mozilla and AdBlock Plus (ABP) users

1.Press the ‘ABP’ icon in your toolbar

2.Select the option ‘Disable on hindustantimes.com’


chrome

Steps to disable Ad Blocker on your browser


In order to serve content on our website, we rely on advertising revenue which helps us to ensure that we continue to serve high quality unbiased journalism. From our end, we will aim to show clean and unobtrusive ads to provide you with a great browsing experience.

Request to please follow the steps below and once done, please refresh your page.


For Internet Explorer and AdBlock Plus users

1.Press the ‘AdBlock Plus’ icon in your status bar at the bottom of the screen

2.Select the option ‘Disable on hindustantimes.com’


chrome

Steps to disable Ad Blocker on your browser


In order to serve content on our website, we rely on advertising revenue which helps us to ensure that we continue to serve high quality unbiased journalism. From our end, we will aim to show clean and unobtrusive ads to provide you with a great browsing experience.

Request to please follow the steps below and once done, please refresh your page.


For Safari and AdBlock users

1.Press the ‘AdBlock’ icon in your toolbar

2.Select the option ‘Don't run pages on this domain’ and then click 'exclude'


chrome