India, Pakistan should ratify CTBT: Hans Blix
The former chief UN weapons inspector is seeking ways to end the threat posed by weapons of mass destruction.india Updated: Jun 02, 2006 14:12 IST
An independent commission seeking ways to end the threat posed by weapons of mass destruction has recommended that all nuclear weapon states, including India, Pakistan, United States and China, ratify the CTBT, which prohibits all nuclear weapon testing.
The panel, headed by former UN chief weapons inspector Hans Blix, also wants New Delhi and Islamabad to join states which have declared a moratorium on the production of fissile material pending a treaty and increase transparency in the nuclear and missile activities.
"The reality is that if the US were to ratify (the CTBT), then China would. If China did, India would. If India did, Pakistan would. If Pakistan did, then Iran would.
It would set in motion a good domino effect," Blix told a news conference at which he released the report on Wednesday.
In the recommendations, which would not be to the liking to several states, the panel suggested that both Iran and Israel commit themselves against enriching uranium under international safeguards as part of wider effort to establish a mass destruction weapon free zone in the Middle East.
"As confidence building measures, all states in the region (Middle East), including Iran and Israel, should for a prolonged period of time commit themselves to a verified arrangements not to have any enrichment, reprocessing or their sensitive fuel-cycle activities on their territories," said the Commission.
On Iran, Blix said: "The issue was not whether it has produced or not produced nuclear weapon of mass destruction but whether it has the capacity.
The government change frequently and sometime are even overthrown. A political decision could change everything if a country has the technology and the know how," he said.
The report is highly critical of the United States' unwillingness to cooperate in international arms regimes which, it asserts, undermines the effort to curb nuclear weapons.
"If it (US) takes the lead, the world is likely to follow. If it does not take the lead, there could more nuclear tests and new nuclear arms races," it added.
The Commission was appointed by the Swedish government which bore most its expenses but Blix said it never interfered.
The panel included Director of the Delhi Policy Group and President of Center for Security Analysis, Chennai VR Raghavan and former UN Under Secretary General for Disarmament Affairs and declared candidate for the post of UN Secretary General Jayantha Dhanapala of Sri Lanka.