Environment minister Prakash Javadekar on Monday will announce India’s comprehensive plan to combat its rising emissions and adopt low carbon growth road-map for submission to the United Nations. The plan could be part of a global pact on climate change to be adopted in Paris this winter.
The plan called Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) is likely to have two components — first, voluntary action India will take from its own resources and second, proposed action depending on technology transfer and funding by the rich nations.
China’s submission to the UN in June was also on similar lines — one voluntary and other depending on international assistance. “Our INDCs would be most exhaustive and most detailed,” Javadekar had told reporters earlier this month.
Sources said India’s submission will include target to install capacity of 175 gigawatt (GW) of renewable energy, including 100 GW of solar power. It would translate into India meeting at least 15% of its electricity needs from renewables by 2030. China had pegged its renewable target at 20%.
India is likely to state that it can fasten its renewable transformation if the rich nations provide necessary technologies for increasing efficiency in wind and solar sector. It is likely to enhance its emission intensity — carbon released for every unit of GDP growth — reduction target of its GDP from 20-25% of 2005 target to about 40% by 2030.
The submission is likely to mention India’s push for nuclear energy and use of environment-friendly vehicles such as electric and vehicles running on bio-diesel. India may not give any commitment on reducing its dependence on electricity from power, which is expected to increase in the next 15 years as most of the coal blocks have been auctioned only in 2014 and 2015, sources said. Peaking year — the year for emissions to be maximum — has been ruled out.