India and United States have agreed to set up climate research centres to find technological solutions for low carbon growth.
The contours of the project, which will have a centres each in US and India, is likely to be finalised during Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s visit to US in mid-April. “PM (Singh) would discuss how the two countries can bilaterally benefit from research in climate science,” a government official said
India has been opposing the US move to make Copenhagen climate accord part of United Nations official negotiating process. “The accord can be used as input for negotiating process,” Environment and Forests Minister Jairam Ramesh had said in January.
On bilateral climate cooperation, India has been keen to work with US. “We need technologies to meet the emission intensity reduction target of 20-25 per cent of 2005 level by 2020,” said a government official.
Describing the task as enormous, the official said, India has to look for technologies that produce 30-35 per cent more electricity by consuming coal, equal to that of a thermal power plant.
India has set a target of increasing its power generation capacity to 63,000 MW by 2012 and another 1,00,000 MW by 2017. “We have to look for technologies, where one furnace in a plant can generate up to 600 MW. As we have limited coal reserves, the technology should be highly fuel efficient,” the official said.
Some of these technologies would be listed this month in an interim report of an expert group on low carbon growth. A group member said that US and Europe are in the process of developing fuel-efficient technologies, which India would like to buy. “Being part of the research project will help India in getting access to these technologies,” the member, who was not willing to be quoted, said.