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'Indians creating wealth, jobs in US'

A new study says that Indians have founded more IT firms in Silicon Valley than people from UK, China, Taiwan and Japan.

india Updated: Jan 11, 2007 14:29 IST

Immigrants from countries like India, China and Taiwan play a key role in creation of wealth and jobs in the United States, a new study said.

Nationwide, 25.3% of tech and engineering companies started between 1995 and 2005 had founders who come from overseas, according to "America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs," a report written by researchers from Duke University and the University of California, Berkeley.

Interestingly, only 11.7% of the US population is foreign-born, according to US Census data.

Immigrant entrepreneurs' companies employed 4,50,000 workers and generated $52 billion in sales in 2005, according to the survey.

Indian immigrants founded more tech startups than people from the four next biggest sources -- United Kingdom, China, Taiwan and Japan -- combined. Of the estimated 7,300 US tech startups founded by immigrants, Indians accounted for about 26%, the study found.

California led the nation, with foreign-born entrepreneurs setting up 39% of startups, compared to 25% of the state's population.

In Silicon Valley the impact of immigrants is even more profound as more than half (52%) of the start ups established in the past decade are established by people born overseas, with Indians once again leading the pack. In 1999 this number stood at 25%.

In many ways, Silicon Valley's risk-taking ethos is a perfect fit for immigrants who often chance everything to come to the United States.