Japanese city of Nagasaki on Wednesday marked the 61st anniversary of its atomic bombing with renewed calls for global nuclear disarmament and criticism of the India-US civilian nuclear cooperation.
Nagasaki Mayor Itcho Ito said there were voices of "anger and frustration" throughout the city and urged nations "that rely on nuclear armaments to heed the voices of peace-loving people, not least the atomic bomb survivors".
"The nuclear weapon states have not demonstrated sincerity in their efforts at disarmament; the United States in particular, has issued a tacit approval of nuclear weapons development by India," Ito was quoted as saying by the Kyodo news agency.
His criticism was directed against the US' civilian nuclear deal with India, which is not a signatory to the NPT.
He also censured North Korea for "threatening the peace and security" of Japan and the world in pursuit of its nuclear ambitions.
"The very structure of non-proliferation is facing a crisis," Ito added, also referring to Pakistan, a declared nuclear weapons state, Israel, widely suspected to possess such arms, and Iran, whose plans have caused global concern.
His speech was delivered in front of some 4,800 people gathered to commemorate the event on August 9, 1945 that ended World War II six days later, Kyodo reported.
A moment of silence was observed at 11:02 am, the moment the bomb detonated over Nagasaki killing 70,000 people, three days after Hiroshima was attacked.
Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, in his address vowed, to maintain the Japan's pacifist constitution, while promising to make efforts to enhance support for atomic bomb survivors.