There's a good reason for people in small towns and villages to not flock to mega cities like Delhi and Mumbai — and it has nothing to do with Thackeray-style son-of-the-soil politics.
In percentage terms, Tier 2 cities like Hyderabad, Pune and Bhubaneswar are creating more white-collar jobs than the old employment hubs of Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore, says a new survey. In percentage terms in fact, for every job Delhi has created this year, Hyderabad has created nearly two.
The cyber city has seen the fastest growth among all cities: from 46,605 new jobs in 2006-07, it is projected to jump to 60,427 new jobs in 2007-08, a rise of 30 per cent. (The projection is based on actual figures till December 2007). Pune comes second, projected to create 28 per cent more new jobs in 2007-08 as compared to 2006-07. Bhubaneswar sees a growth of 22.1 per cent, though its base is smaller than both Hyderabad and Pune.
By contrast, in Delhi, new jobs are projected to grow by 17.4 per cent. It does better than Mumbai, however, which is projected to reach only 11.4 per cent growth. Chennai, at 9.5 per cent, fares even worse.
“Job growth in Hyderabad and Pune has been clearly surprising. Cities like Aurangabad and Nagpur have also done well,” said Pandia Ranjan, managing director of Ma Foi Management Consultants, one of India’s biggest human resource service providers, who carried out the survey.
The survey has been carried out across 22 sectors using data from 206 companies. It shows that smaller cities in the west zone, including Surat, Silvassa, Nagpur and Ahmedabad, created the most jobs — an increase of 25.9 per cent over 2006-07. The East followed with a 25.4 per cent rise.
Health emerged as the sector with the highest growth in recruitment (8.9 per cent), followed by IT (7.3 per cent) and hospitality (6.9 per cent). A million new jobs will be created in 2008-09, the survey predicted.