Please tell me about job prospects for a postgraduate in microbiology.
With a degree in Microbiology, a person has several career options in medicine, agriculture, marine-microbiology and the industry.
In the medical field, microbiologists study the pathology of disease-causing organisms. Agricultural research covers plant development, plant diseases and tissue culture. In the industry, microbiologists develop new chemical products and processes.
You can opt for agricultural microbiology as well. GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar (Uttar Pradesh), offers an M.Sc. programme with several specialisations as also opportunities for research in this field. Marine microbiology is the study of various marine micro-organisms that can be used for medicinal and other purposes.
I am a B.Sc. in Biochemistry from Srinagar. At which institutions are M.Sc. programmes in Biochemistry and Biotechnology available?
Prominent institutions that offer the M.Sc. programme in Biotechnology include Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi, and Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi besides Jadavpur University, Kolkata, Anna University, Chennai, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar and Banaras Hindu University.
The University of Delhi as well as Jamia Hamdard offer two-year M.Sc. programmes in Biochemistry for which you should have 55 per cent marks in aggregate in your B.Sc. exams. JNU runs the programme as well, and conducts a combined entrance exam for admission to the respective M.Sc. (Biotechnology) programme of about 20 other universities including G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Guru Nanak Dev University, and Panjab University, Chandigarh.
Each university offers a range of courses such as Genetics and Molecular Biology, Tissue Culture, Environmental Biotechnology and Microbiology. Several other universities also offer M.Sc. programmes in Biotechnology with specialisation in different aspects of the subject
I am studying in the first year of my B.Sc. (Honours) Botany programme. What avenues will be open to me after my graduation?
There are plenty of career avenues open to Botany graduates. If you wish to go for a research-based career, you may look at Biotechnology, Genetics, Microbiology, Marine Biology and Environmental Science. An M.Sc. programme in Biotechnology is a good option, especially since Biotechnology is one of the fastest growing industries today.
Moreover, you may specialise in an area such as plant tissue culture, bio-genetics or agri-biotech. There is a combined entrance examination for admission to these courses conducted by the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi, and 19 other universities in the country. Take the test, aspirants require at least 55 per cent marks in B.Sc. exams.
M.Sc. in Environmental Sciences is offered at JNU, Awadhesh Pratap Singh University, Rewa, Madhya Pradesh; Dr. Harsingh Gour University, Sagar, and G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar.
If you enjoy working with computers, Bioinformatics is another new and emerging career to go for. It involves the use of software to process information from the vast biological data developed by experienced biotechnologists.
Institute of Bioinformatics and Applied Biotechnology, Bangalore, set up by the Karanataka government and ICICI Bank, is offering a Master’s degree in Bioinformatics. Madurai Kamraj University also conducts an M.Sc. programme in Bioinformatics.