The Kerala government has instituted a probe into the "Taliban-model" Islamist courts that run as a parallel judicial system in the state.
The decision follows an attack on a Malayalam lecturer in which his right hand was chopped off — allegedly on the orders of such a court — because he allegedly framed a blasphemous question for a local college exam.
Several people arrested for the July 4 attack on the lecturer are members of the radical Muslim outfit People's Front of India (PFI).
Home Minister Kodiyeri Balakrishnan said the government was aware that panels headed by religious authorities were operating as parallel courts.
"Committees like Dar-ul-khuda (God's Court) are quite active in certain parts of the state, but no complaints have been received that they were passing Taliban-model orders," he said.
"The government will not allow a parallel judicial system."
The Taliban is the hardline Islamist group that ruled in Afghanistan a decade ago and is still fighting for establishing its rule in that country.
CM V S Achuthanandan had recently said the PFI was planning to 'Islamise' the state.
At least six such groups reportedly operate as counselling centres in the state's Malabar region, once considered the base of the banned SIMI.
They regularly change names to evade monitoring. Some have benevolent-sounding names such as Karuna Foundation (meaning Compassion Foundation) or Samskara Vedi (an organisation that imparts morals and values).
The police said they had found several incriminating documents from the office of Karuna Foundation recently.