The size of an Indian family in Britain has fallen between 1991 and 2001, reflecting the move away from the joint family system to a more nuclear household, latest official figures reveal.
During the decade, the household size decreased from 3.8 to 3.3 among Indian households, from 4.8 to 4.1 among Pakistani households and from 5.2 to 4.5 among Bangladeshi households.
In comparison, White household size fell from 2.4 to 2.3. Black African and Bangladeshi households had some of highest overcrowding rates. In 2001, 44 per cent of Bangladeshi and 42 per cent of Black African households were overcrowded, 7 times the rate of overcrowding among White British households (6 per cent).
A new analysis by the Office of National Statistics (ONS), titled "Focus on Ethnicity and Religion", reveals that unemployment rates among Indian Muslim men (11 percent) and women (12 percent) were lower compared to Black African Muslim men (28 percent) and women (31 percent).
In both the 16-24 and 25-39 age groups, unemployment rates among UK born men and women from the Black, Bangladeshi and Pakistani ethnic groups were more than twice as high as those of White British men and women.
Between 1991 and 2001, home ownership rates fell the most among Indian households (from 82 percent to 76 percent), Pakistani households (from 76 percent to 67 percent) and Bangladeshi households (from 44 percent to 37 percent). Home ownership increased only among White households, from 66 percent to 69 percent.
The report said: "Some ethnic groups are more religiously diverse than others. The Indian group was the most religiously diverse ethnic group; its predominant groups were Hindu (45 percent), Sikh (29 percent), Muslim (13 percent) and Christian (5 percent). Pakistani and Bangladeshis were among the least religiously diverse groups (9 out of 10 were Muslims).
"Similarly, some religious groups were ethnically diverse. Muslims were among the most ethnically diverse religious group, 43 percent were Pakistani, 17 percent were Bangladeshi, 8 percent were Indian, 7 percent Other White and 4 percent White British.
"Christians and Sikhs were the least ethnically diverse religions, as more than 90 percent of people from these religions belonged to the same ethnic groups".
It added that the London borough of Brent was the most ethnically diverse local authority area, while Easington in the North East of England was the least ethnically diverse.
Brent's predominant ethnic groups were White British (29 percent), Indian (18 percent), Black Caribbean (10 percent), Other White (9 percent) and Black African (8 percent).