Poor sex ratio is often blamed on illiteracy. But this does not seem hold true in Haryana. The districts with poor literacy levels have reported the highest sex ratio and child sex ratio in the state as per the early results of Census 2011.
Mewat district, which is the most backward area of the state, has reported the worst literacy rate at 56.1% but has the highest sex ratio of 906 females per 1000 males in Haryana at the same time. The sex ratio is way above the overall figure of 877 for the state. In the 0-6 age group too, the district, dominated by the Meo community, has topped the chart with 903 girls per 1000 boys. Haryana has the worst child sex ratio of 830 in the country.
Located barely 50 kilometres away from the national capital Millennium city of Gurgaon, Mewat has an abysmally poor literacy rate of 37.6% for females, the lowest in the state, whereas it is 73% for males. When asked, Director, Census Operations, Neerja Sekhar said provisional population data of Cesus 2011 pointed towards no relation between literacy levels and sex ratio.
“There seems to be an inverse ratio, but this is preliminary data. There cannot be any final hypothesis until supplementary data is available. We will do an analysis when it becomes available,” she said.
Fatehabad, Palwal and Sirsa districts are also among the districts with the lowest literacy rates but their sex ratios are among the highest in the state. While Fatehabad has the second lowest literacy rate of 69.1%, the sex ratio is 903 females per 1000 males. It has child sex ratio of 845 girls per 1000 boys with an increase of 17 points over 2001. Palwal, which has poor literacy rate of 70.3%, has the second highest child sex ratio of 862 girls per in the state.
Similarly, Sirsa has sex ratio of 896 with literacy rate of 70.4%, which is way below the over literacy rate of 76.64% of the state. It also has the third highest child sex ratio of 852 in the state. In the 0-6 years age group, Haryana has reported the worst sex ratio of 830 girls per 1000 boys in the country. Conversely, Jhajjar, Rewari and Sonipat districts have literacy rates above 80%, but also figure among the districts with the lowest child sex ratio.
Jhajjar and Mahendragarh, which has literacy rate of 78.9%, have the lowest child sex ratios at 774 and 778 among the districts in the entire country.
Jhajjar, Mahendragarh, Rewari and Bhiwani, which are contiguous to each other, have shown a decline in child sex ratio over Census 2001. Of the remaining districts, Kurukshetra, which reported the lowest sex ratio in 2001, has seen a 46-point jump from 771 girls per 1000 boys in 2001 to 817 as per the least figures. Similarly, the child ratio in Sirsa has improved by 35 points to 852 and Kaithal by 30 points to 821 in 2011. The census director said that 20 of the 21 districts of the state had child sex ratio below 880, the low category as per the Census norms.
Gurgaon sees 73% jump in population, Panchkula biggest drop in decadal growth.
Touted as India’s Manhattan with glitzy malls, magnificent multiplexes and chic, now, Gurgaon, which is home to some of the biggest names in world business, is also among the fastest growing cities in the country. Gurgaon, which was a sleepy town just two decades ago, has posted a phenomenal decadal growth rate of population of 73.93%, making it a preferred location for the people.
As per the census data, the city, which has gained enormously from the advantage of location and is acting as a counter-magnate to Delhi, has a total population of 15,14,085, with the second highest density of population per square kilometre of 1,241 in the state. In the 2001 census, Gurgaon had posted 44.15% decadal growth rate of population. All other districts have shown decline in growth rate as compared to 1991-2001 decade.
While Faridabad district has the population of 17,98,954 and the highest population density of 2,298 in the state, there is a decline in its decadal growth rate of population. The industrial township has seen a drop of 27.13% in decadal growth rate from 58.88% between 1991 and 2001 to 31.75% between 2001 and 2011. The biggest drop of 31.59% has been posted by Panchkula district which has a population of 5,58,890 persons now. The decadal growth rate of population has gone dropped from 50.91% in the last census to 19.32%. Jhajjar has posted the lowest decadal growth rate of 8.73% in the last decade, followed by Ambala 12.1% and Rohtak 12.6%.